The kidneys are paired organs that represent the central part of the urinary system. Situated in the retroperitoneal space on the back wall of the abdomen and are located on both sides of the spine. The right kidney is positioned lower than the left because of its suppression by the liver.
The kidneys have a shape of bean seed, the concave edge of which faces towards the spine. In an adult person it weighs about 140-150 g and it is with the size of a fist. On the medial side of the kidney is the inlet or renal hilus through which pass blood and lymph vessels, nerves and external urinary canal.
The kidney is enveloped with connective capsule and the capsule is located on a layer of fat that keeps the heat and strengthens the kidney.
The main morphological and structural unit of the kidney is the nephron. Each kidney consists of over one million nephrons and each of them can completely independently creates urine. A person can live while at least 1/3 of the nephrons functions.
The kidneys have a whole range of life-critical functions affecting the operation of other bodies and the body as a whole!
The main function of the kidneys is to form the final urine, but in addition they have multiple roles in maintaining homeostasis in the body. This includes:
- Regulation of the balance of water and electrolytes in the body
- Regulation of the body fluid osmolality and the concentration of electrolytes
- Regulation of the acid-base balance
- Excretion of waste products of metabolism and harmful chemicals
- Regulation of the arterial pressure
- Secretion of various hormones
- Synthesis of glucose and other
Commonly used clinical classification of kidney diseases, based on the recommendations of the World Health Organization is the following one:
- acute nephritic syndrome,
- nephrotic syndrome,
- asymptomatic urinary abnormalities,
- acute renal failure,
- chronic renal failure,
- urinary tract infections,
- obstructive diseases of the urinary tract,
- functional defects of renal tubules,
- hypertensive nephropathy,
- nephrolithiasis and nephrocalcinosis.
Carcinoma of the kidney is also called renal cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma.
Kidney cancer accounts for approximately 2% of all malignant tumors in adults.
Here are 9 easy and simple ways how you can reduce the risk of getting a kidney disease:
- Eat healthy foods such as vegetables, fruits and nuts
- Keep your condition fit with regular exercises
- Keep your blood sugar level under control
- Check your blood pressure on regular basis and do everything you can to keep it low
- Reduce your intake of salt and drink a lot of water every day to enable your kidneys be flushed
- Remove cigarettes from your life
- Avoid using pills, it’s best to use natural cures
- Have a doctor check how your kidneys function on a regular basis
- In case you have a history of kidney diseases in your family have regular checks on your kidneys.
SHARE THIS IMPORTANT INFORMATION WITH ALL OF YOUR FRIENDS AND LOVED ONES WHO HAVE PROBLEMS WITH THEIR KIDNEYS AND WANT TO KEEP THEM HEALTHY AND STRONG!!! 🙂